The Iron Flute
- Image Number: K2A002026N000000000PAA
- Dynasty: Yuan dynasty
- Category: Paintings
- Author: Yang Weizhen;楊維禎
- Form: 軸
- Exhibition dimension: 95.6×51.6
In the thirtieth year of Qianlong’s reign (1765), the fourth southern patrol was held, three years after the previous one. This picture was presented by Qin Zhaolei (1722-1781) when he was walking through Wuxi. Qin Zhaolei belongs to the Qin family of Jichang Garden, a famous garden in Wuxi. This garden is the place that Kangxi and Qianlong must visit during their six southern patrols. Although this work has the title of Yang Weizhen (1296-1370), the iron flute Taoist of the Yuan Dynasty, it is doubted to be the work of Zhejiang painters in the late Ming Dynasty. When Emperor Qianlong chanted in Suzhou, he cited the content of Yang Weizhen’s “Yeshixing” as a title, and believed that the piper on the boat was Yang Weizhen, and the piper on the bank was Gou Long Bow, the smelter who made the iron flute for him. The content of the poem shows his understanding of Yang Weizhen’s poetry and his life, as well as his appreciation of the connection of literary and historical knowledge to the content of the picture.
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